Weekly Repor 26th April-3rd May التقرير الاسبوعي

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Sudanese Rights Group (Huqooq)

Human Rights Monitoring Weekly Report-Sudan

26th April-3rd May 2016

 (النسخة العربية اسفل الإنجليزية)

New Developments:

On 3rd May 2016, Khartoum University administration suspended the study for all the faculties in the main campus indefinitely after demonstrations, as tension looms once again after the killing of two students in Kordofan and Omdorman Ahlia Universities last month, It is worth noting that Khartoum University has been witnessing demonstrations since 11th April after circulation reports of selling and moving university building to Soba area south Khartoum.(Source: Khartoum University Student)

 

On 1st May 2016, the political sector of the ruling party NCP held an extraordinary meeting headed by the Presidential Assistant and Deputy NCP Chairman Ibrahim Mahmoud; the NCP political sector condemned what is called attempts by the armed groups to export violence to universities campuses and the use of political tactics by opposition parties by exporting the war to the universities[1].

On 28/4/2016, the Vice-president of the parliamentarian Defense and Security committee Altoom Alfadil, in a press statement warned of the growing violence and rivalry among universities students, and called for prohibition of political activities within universities to avoid bloody clashes between the students, he stated that the Ministry of Higher Education is responsible for investigating such issues and all the security agencies at the universities are under its responsibilities. (Source: Aljareeda newspaper issue 1744, Date 29 April)

 

On 26th April 2016, In response to continuing protests in Khartoum University against the selling and moving of the university buildings plan and ongoing detention of number of graduate students, the administration of the Faculty of Mathematic Science of Khartoum University suspended the study for indefinitely, without giving reasons amid a wave of arrests of students and renewed protests at the university, clashes raged between police forces and students protesters, more than two weeks on the ground.

Anti-Corruption Commission Law Review:

On 30 April 2016, the designated chairperson of the Legislation and Justice-committee of the parliament, Mohamed Hassan Al Ameen, warned of not to amend the article that giving the Anti-Corruption Commission the right to lift all the immunities that provided for in other laws, as this right could lead to accusation of all state officials, including President of the Republic, and considered that That’s impossible. He defended the president remarks and observations, where he refused to sign the bill, said Mohammed al-Hassan in a press statement, giving the Commission the right to lift the immunity without taking the necessary actions will lead to more hatred and pushes the opposition to accuse government officials on false or true ground.(Source: Aljareeda, Issue; 1746, 1st May 2016)

 

Violations Monitoring

Right to Life and Excessive Use of Force:

On 27th April at around 12;30 pm, at Omdorman Ahlia University, violent erupted during a political forum organized by Nuba Mountains students association, condemning the attack and beating of a student with movement disability by NCP affiliated students  during a political forum organized by students affiliated to UPF last week, the bloody clashes started after 20 minutes of the beginning of the Nuba Mountains Students Association forum where students and militias of the ruling party students  attacked the Nuba Mountains Association Students  political  forum with live ammunitions , machetes, Knives and sticks, the clashes resulted in the killing of Mohamed Alsadiq, 20 years old, second year student at the Faculty of Arts and four students were injured, among them Mohamed Almujtaba. (Interview with Nuba Mountains Students Association member on 28th April 2016)
 

Freedom of Expression/Assembly and Association:

·         On 3rd May, at around 12:00 pm, National Intelligence and Security Service NISS and Riot police forces surrounded Khartoum University premises after a call for a peaceful sit in from students, condemning the killing of the two students in Kordofan university and Omdurman Ahlia University last month, the continued detention of four Khartoum University alumni, and demanding the resumption of Khartoum University Students Union and resumption of classes of the Mathematic Science faculty. The protests hit University of Khartoum on Tuesday during the political forum the security and police forces  used excessive force to disperse the peaceful protest, by firing tear gas, sound bombs and colored water (Blue, Orange and Red) and beat students with sticks, as a result number of students were injured among them Hummaida 2year faculty of law, and arrested number of students(Source: KU student and member of  KU students coordination committee)

 

·         On 3rd May, Al Midan newspaper pro- communist newspaper, received a letter from the press and publication council, instructing the newspaper not to publish articles for three writers the prominent lawyer Kamal Al-Gizouli, Kamla Karar and Ibrahim Mirghani.(Source: HR journalist)

On 2nd May 2016, a group of National Intelligence and Security Service NISS in Khartoum, ordered the organizers Mubadarat Association women’s initiatives to cancel the celebration of honoring Ms. Awadia Kuku the Head of tea and foods sellers Society at family social club, the event was scheduled to take place on Monday, it is worth noting that this was the second time the security authorities to cancel an event for honoring and celebrating the winner of the International Women of Courage. (Source: HR activist)
·         On 30 April 2016, the National Intelligence and Security Service NISS in Khartoum banned Sudanese Journalists Network and Teeba Press symposium on newspapers merging, the symposium was supposed to take place at Teeba Press premises, to discuss the government intention of consolidating daily newspaper in less than six prints and its impact on the freedom of expression. It is worth noting that in 2011 the government appointed a group of experts led by National Intelligence and Security Service NISS, the presidency, the press council and the Journalists union in collaboration with media and information unit of the ruling party NCP to study the possibility of consolidating number of daily prints.(Source: HR journalist)

 

·         On 30 April number of daily newspapers in Khartoum sacked number of journalists, in an attempt to silencing journalists who are members of Sudanese Journalists Network among them:

1-      Khaled Ahmed, Alsudani newspaper and SJN member,

2-      Hiba Abd Alazeem, AlSudani newspaper and SJN member

3-      Mohamed Amin Yasin, Aljareeda newspaper

4-      Zohal Altayb, Alahram Alyom newspaper and SJN member.

 

·           On 28th April 2016, The National Intelligence and Security Service NISS instructed all the daily newspapers not to report about the nationwide student’s protests and the killing of two students Abo Bakar Hassan of Kordfan University on 19/4/2016 and Mohamed Alsadig of Al Ahlia University on 27/4/2016.(Source: JHR Sudan)

 

·         On 28th April 2016, around 5:00 pm in Khartoum journalist of Alwifag newspaper Mohamed Al- Agraa was stabbed in his thighby unknow person during the passage of the demonstration near Alwifag newspaper offices in Khartoum, he told Huqooq that he was monitoring the demonstrations as a journalist when a group of men in plainclothes approached him and asked him associated to who? He told them he is a journalist, when suddenly saw he is bleeding and then was taken to the hospital for treatment. (interview with Mohamed Al-Agraa on 1st May 2016)

 

 

·         On 27th April 2016, the National Intelligence and Security Service NISS and police forces dispersed a protest of hundreds of people who were marching after the funeral of Al Ahlia University student Mohamed Elsadig, the forces have used tear gas, batons, and  chased number of protesters inside resident areas in Omdorman to stop the demonstrations to spread to other areas.

 

·         On 27th and 26th April 2016, the National Intelligence and Security Service and Police forces in Nyala the capital city of South Darfur Eastern Sudan, stormed  and suppressed a protest organized by Nyala University students at Mussaih dorms against continued detention of their colleagues, poor study environment, the increase of transportation tariffs and the violence against universities students, the police and security forces used live ammunition, tear gas whips and sticks to disperse the demonstrations as a result number of students were injured among them: Tahani Salih female, Scratch in the knee joint and left leg and  Doaa Almahdi, female, Incision in the pelvic bone as a result of police car hit during the demonstration, in an interview with a lawyer from Nyala who is representing number of detained and arrested students told Huqooq on 29th and 30 April, that the number of arrested students by NISS and police was approximately around 31 students some of them  were released on bail others are facing charges under 69(Disturbance of public peace), 67(Public Tranquility and Rioting) and six students are accused under 139 article(Causing Intentional Wounds) of criminal law 1991, all the arrested students were released on 28 and 29th April,  after signing a pledge not to participate in any political or protests activities accept those accused under 139. ( Huqooq team is following with the lawyers and HR activists for more information) 

 

·         On 26th April 2016, National Intelligence and Security service NISS and the Riot police forces violently dispersed Khartoum University student’s peaceful demonstrations that continued since 13th April against government plans of selling and moving University buildings, and in solidarity with Kordofan University students,  the riot police has used rubber bullets, tear gas and colored water, number of students were injured as a result was reported among them Fathi Mohamed Abda, 23 years old, 4year Faculty of Social Economics. (source: HR activist)

 

·         On 25th April 2016, at around pm the security authorities in Khartoum cancelled a women Day organized by the Alumni Association US-Sudan in collaboration with women social committee and Khartoum Locality at Nile street, the security members instructed the organizers to close the exhibition pull out the tent and stop any activities, the event was held to honor Mrs. Awadia Koko a tea seller who has won US department award International Women of Courage last March 2016. (Source: Altaghyeer info[2])

 

Arbitrary Arrest:

·         On 3rd May, National Intelligence and Security Service NISS, arrested number of Khartoum University following a student political forum that took place inside the campus, Ghadeer Abd Alwahab, 22years old 5year faculty of science, Anass Abo Algasim, 22 years old, 5 year faculty of Science (Geology) , Modathir Tayseer Modathir, 25 years old, 5 year Faculty of Science (Chemistry) and Amjad Farid Idris, a prominent young political activist. (Source: KU student and HR activist)

·         On 2nd May 2016, at around 6:00 pm, armed group allegedly of National Intelligence and Security Service NISS, arrested Asim Omed 25 years old, first year Faculty of Administrative Sciences Khartoum University, he was arrested from the west gate of the Khartoum University campus by two NISS trucks and two police trucks his whereabouts is unknown, Asim was sacked from Bahri University before joining Khartoum University last year, and was arrested last year in June 2015 along with Mastoor Ahmed Mohamed the Secretary of Sudanese Congress Party during a public speech in Omdurman he was sentenced with flogging.

 

·         The killing of the two students during the last two weeks has generated a series of protests at several Sudanese universities, such as Khartoum University, Alnailain University, Quran Kareem University, Omdorman Islamic University in Khartoum, Nyala University in South Darfur State- Western Sudan, Al Obaiyid city in North Kordofan State and Red Sea University in Eastern Sudan, which met with violence by the security and police and arrest of dozens,  below is a list of students arrested and detained by police and NISS in various cities, Huqooq team was able to verify the information from human right activists on the ground.

Names of arrested persons in Khartoum:

According to number of human rights activists there are other three students who are detained at South Omdurman police station custody, in relation to Omdurman Ahlia University demonstration, Huqooq team was unable to obtain any information in regard to the three students.

Huqooq learned that the six students arrested in connection with Omdurman Ahlia University were all released on bail on 3rd May 2016.

 
Name
Date of arrest
Arrested from
Arrested by
Place of Detention
More information
1
Ahmed Zuhair Dawd
13th April 2016
From the main gate of KU campus
NISS
NISS HQ Khartoum Bahri near Shandi bus station
Faculty of Agriculture, he has been in detention since 13th April without charge or access to his family or lawyer or brought before a judge.One of the released reported that he subjected to ill-treatment and torture.
2
Ahmed Al-Mujtaba
13th April 2016
Dental Hospital
NISS
NISS HQ Khartoum Bahri near Shandi bus station
Faculty of Pharmacy, , he has been in detention since 13th April without charge or access to his family or lawyer or brought before a judge. One of the released reported that he subjected to ill-treatment and torture.

Ahmed Almujtaba was released on 2nd May without charge( Huqooq team will provide more information in the next week report)
3
Hassan Mahmoud Alrayah
23rd April 2016
In front of KU campus
Niss
NISS HQ Khartoum Bahri near Shandi bus station
46 years old, Civil Engineer, chairperson of civil engineers alumni association, Arrested during peaceful demonstration at KU he has no access to family or lawyers or brought before a judge. Was released on 2nd May without charge.
4
Murtada Habbani
23rd April 2016
In front of KU campus
NISS
NISS HQ Khartoum Bahri near Shandi bust station
Civil Engineer, arrested during peaceful demonstration at KU he has no access to family or lawyers or brought before a judge
5
Mohamed Faroug Suliman
23rd April 2016
In front of KU campus
NISS
NISS HQ Khartoum Bahri near Shandi bus station
45, civil engineer and the deputy chairperson of Sudanese Alliance Party Arrested during peaceful demonstration at KU he has no access to family or lawyers or brought before a judge
6
Ammar  Hamad Ahmed Issa
23rd April 2016
In front of KU campus
NISS
NISS HQ Khartoum Bahri near Shandi bus station
Civil Engineer Age45 years old Arrested during peaceful demonstration at KU he has no access to family or lawyers or brought before a judge, was released on 2nd May without charge.
7
Ibrahim Abu Samrah
23rd April 2016
In front of KU campus
NISS
NISS HQ Khartoum Bahri near Shandi bus station
Civil Engineer , arrested during peaceful demonstration at KU he has no access to family or lawyers or brought before a judge, reported he is subjecting to ill-treatment and torture.
8
Rami Ibrahim Abass
23rd April 2016
From in front of KU campus
NISS
NISS HQ Khartoum Bahri near Shandi bus station
Around 33 years old, Electric engineering, employee at International Upstream company, was released on 2nd May 2016 without charge.
9
Yousif Ahmed Yousif
23rd April 2016
From in front of KU campus
NISS
NISS HQ Khartoum Bahri near Shandi bus station
65 years old, former UNHCR staff , freelance consultant and civil society activist, Yousif is suffering from high blood pressure, he was released on 2nd May 2016 without charge.
10
Ahmed Ishaq Khatir Brar
28th April 2016
from in front of faculty of  Agriculture Al Nelain University
NISS
His whereabouts unknown
 
11
Mohamed Osman Ahmed Tahir
28th April 2016
From outside KU gate across Nile street
NISS
His whereabouts unknown
1st year Faculty of Petroleum Engineering KU.  Actvists circulate a video showing that he was beaten by the NISS members during his arrest
12
Kamal Omer Aries
27th April 2016
From   Omdurman Hospital
Police and NISS
South Omdurman Police station custody
3rd year Faculty of Law –Alnelain University, 25 years old, he was arrested from the hospital while he was taking the deceased Mohamed Alsadig, who was shot dead during Ahlia University demonstration, the attorney general of South Omdurman renewed his detention after he approved his release on bail, on 1st May the judge of Omdurman criminal court renewed his detention for another three days wish will laps tomorrow 3rd May, a lawyer representing him and Faris Hussain Tilo informed Huqooq that the two students were charged with (69 article Disturbance of public peace), (67 Rioting) and (77 Public nuisance) under the criminal law of 1991. The lawyers will appeal the judge decision.( interview with lawyer representing Kamal and Faris on 2nd May 2016). Huquooq is concerned that the two students may at risk of torture and other ill-treatment, in addition there is great concerns that the authorities may implement the new amendment to the criminal law of 2016 that passed into law by the parliament on 19th January 2016, the new amendments to the criminal law in particular article (182 Criminal mischief), provides for deterrent penalties of imprisonment and a fine for “rioters”. The amendments stipulates that (Whoever commits the offence of criminal mischief, shall be punished, with imprisonment, for a term, not exceeding five years, or with fine, or with both; where mischief occurs due to making the use of fire, or burning, or explosive or poisonous materials, the offender shall be punished, with imprisonment, for a term, not exceeding ten years, or with fine, or with both. whoever commits mischief, to public or private property, or utility, shall be punished, with imprisonment, for a term, not exceeding ten years, and he may also be punished with fine.  
13
Faris Hussain Tilo
27th April 2016
From South Omdurman police station
Police and NISS
South Omdurman Police station custody
Alimam Almahdi University Faculty of Accounting, graduate, 24 years old, he was arrested during reporting the killing of Mohamed Alsadig , the attorney general renewed h.is detention after he approved his release on bail, there is great concerns of subjecting to ill-treatment  (please see above)
14
Ahmed Mohamed Makki
27th April 2016
From Omdurman Hospital
NISS and police
South Omdurman police station custody
Ahmed Mohamed Makki was arrested from Omdurman hospital and detained at the police custody, he was injured during the demonstration at Al Ahlia University, and the cause of his injuries is he jumped over the University fence. The lawyers represented a request release petition to the general attorney on 1st May who refused to release him due to the limits of jurisdiction. (source HR lawyer)
15
Husam Mohamed  ِAdam  ِ
27th April 2016
from around Jackson Square(public transportation stage)
NISS
His whereabouts unknown
24 years old, Faculty of Art, Red Sea University graduate, the NISS arrested him fron Jackson public transportation stage and took him to unknown place, he was released on 29th April 2016.
16
Ahmed Abd Alkareem
27th April 2016
From in front of faculty of Education
NISS and Police
NISS custody in Alshiglah area in Omdorman later detaind at Alshiglah police station
Faculty of Education, 4year Arabic language, KU member of Darfur students Association, he was arrested by 20 armed NISS members dressing in plainclothes in a truck accompanied by four motorcycles he was detained for almost six hours in different locations before transferred to Alshiglah police station, he was charged with drinking alcohol and nuisance under criminal law 1991 and he has been brought before public order court in Alshiglah, he was tried and sentenced with 40 lashes and with fine 500 SDG, he was released on 29th April after the trial.
17
Yaseen Ishaq
27th April 2016
From in front of faculty of Education
NISS and police
His whereabouts unknown
faculty of Education 4year Arabic Language, member of Darfur students Association, , he was arrested by 20 armed NISS members dressing in plainclothes in a truck accompanied by four motorcycles he was detained for almost six hours in different locations before transferred to Alshiglah police station, he was charged with drinking alcohol and nuisance under criminal law 1991 and he has been brought before public order court in Alshiglah, he was tried and sentenced with 40 lashes and with fine 500 SDG, he was released on 29th April after the trial.

In an interview with Huqooq Yaseen informed Huqooq team that he and the other four students subjected to ill-treatment the NISS members beaten them with stick and guns rear and kicked them with their boots, the security used racist language and accused them of the killing of Mohamed Alsadig the Omdorman Ahlia University who was shot dead on 27th April and that they are affiliated with the rebel groups.(interview on 1st May 2016) 
18
Abd Almonim Adam
27th April 2016
From in front of faculty of education
NISS and Police
His whereabouts unknown
Faculty of Education-Physics, KU member of Darfur students Association, he was arrested by 20 armed NISS members dressing in plainclothes in a truck accompanied by four motorcycles he was detained for almost six hours in different locations before transferred to Alshiglah police station, he was charged with drinking alcohol and nuisance under criminal law 1991 and he has been brought before public order court in Alshiglah, he was tried and sentenced with 40 lashes and with fine 500 SDG, he was released on 29th April after the trial.
19
Mohamadain Issa
27th April 2016
From in front of faculty of education
NISS and Police
His whereabouts unknown
Faculty of Education, geography, KU member of Darfur students Association, he was arrested by 20 armed NISS members dressing in plainclothes in a truck accompanied by four motorcycles he was detained for almost six hours in different locations before transferred to Alshiglah police station, he was charged with drinking alcohol and nuisance under criminal law 1991 and he has been brought before public order court in Alshiglah, he was tried and sentenced with 40 lashes and with fine 500 SDG, he was released on 29th April after the trial.
20
Mohamed Ibrahim Hassan
27th April 2016
From in front of faculty of education KU
NISS and Police
NISS offices and Alshiglah police station
Faculty of Art, social science 2year Omdorman Islamic University ,member of Darfur students Association, he was arrested by 20 armed NISS members dressing in plainclothes in a truck accompanied by four motorcycles he was detained for almost six hours in different locations before transferred to Alshiglah police station, he was charged with drinking alcohol and nuisance under criminal law 1991 and he has been brought before public order court in Alshiglah, he was tried and sentenced with 40 lashes and with fine 500 SDG, he was released on 29th April after the trial.
21
Mohamed Mahjoub Otayba
27th April 2016
from University of Khartoum campus
NISS
His whereabouts unknown
4year faculty of law KU,
22
Mohamed Yahya Abdoon
 
from eastern gate of Khartoum University
NISS
His whereabouts unknown
3rd year Faculty of Civil Engineering, KU
23
Mohamed Otiba
28th April
From KU campus
Student Security
Detained at Alwajbah Cafe near Buri tunnel

 
3rd year Faculty of law, was arrested by a group of people dressed in plainclothes, from KU campus, they took him to Alwajbah Cafe they beaten him and forced him to drink unknown substance, they released him at around 7:30 pm, Husam now at the hospital for treatment.

It is worth mentioning that the place he was taken to was the same place that Abdo Mahdi Grifna member was tortured in 2010. The office  belong to the NCP students security militia. 
 

 

 

 

 

Arrested Students of Nyala University:

A lawyer from Nyala representing the detained and arrested student of Nyala University told Hugooq the number of the students arrested during the demonstrations was 31 students the majority was released on 28th and 29th April 2016 after signing a pledge not to participate in any demonstrations or political activities, except six students are still detained at Central police station custody in Nyala who are facing charges under 69-77 and 139 of the Criminal law of 1991 the complainant is a police officer . Below is the information provided by the lawyer.

 
Name
Date of Arrest
Place of arrest
Authorities
Place of Detention
More Information
1
Abd Alfatah Yahya
28th April 2016
From around Nyala University Campus (near Mossaih Dorms)
NISS and Police
Nyala Central police station
released Huqooq team was unable to confirm the date of the release, and other information
2
Mustafa Ishaq
28th April 2016
From around Nyala University Campus (near Mossaih Dorms)
police
Nyala Central police station
Nyala University Faculty of Engineering 3rd year, released Huqooq team was unable to confirm the date of the release
3
Abdlafaraj  Adam Suliman
28th April 2016
From around Nyala University Campus (near Mossaih Dorms)
police
Nyala Central police station
20 years old,  Nyala University Faculty of Engineering 4 year, he is facing charges under 69-77 and 139 of the Criminal law of 1991
4
Abo Alababas  Abd Alnabi Ibrahim
28th April 2016
From around Nyala University campus
police
Nyala Central police station
2nd year faculty of economic he is facing charges under under 69-77 and 139 of the Criminal law of 1991
5
Ayman Mohamed Ibrahim
28th April 2016
From around Nyala University campus
police
Nyala Central police station
19years old, first year faculty of economic, he is facing charges under 69-77 and 139 of the Criminal law of 1991
6
Abd Al Aziz Ismail
28th April 2016
From around Nyala University Campus (near Mossaih Dorms)
police
Nyala Central police station
2nd year faculty of engineering, he is facing charges under 69-77 and 139 of the Criminal law of 1991
7
Bakhit Aied Yousif Karamah
28th April 2016
From around Nyala University Campus (near Mossaih Dorms
police
Nyala Central police station
20 years old, 2nd year Faculty of Economic, he is facing charges under 69-77 and 139 of the Criminal law of 1991
8
Alnazeer Mohammed
28th April 2016
From around Nyala University Campus (near Mossaih Dorms)
police
Nyala Central police station
– Nyala University (Faculty of Technology 1st year) released Huqooq team was unable to confirm the date of the release
9
Hamid Alrabia
28th April 2016
From around Nyala University Campus (near Mossaih Dorms)
police
Nyala Central police station
Released Huqooq team was unable to confirm the date of the release
10
Badr Eldien Mohamed
28th April 2016
From around Nyala University Campus (near Mossaih Dorms)
police
Nyala Central police station
4 year Faculty of Engineering  released Huqooq team was unable to confirm the date of the release
11
Mubarak Musa Adam
 
From around Nyala University Campus (near Mossaih Dorms)
Polic
Nyala Central police station
20years old, 3rd year faculty of engineering, he is facing charges under 69-77 and 139 of the Criminal law of 1991
12
Abdul Majid Samt Algiboor
 
From around Nyala University Campus (near Mossaih Dorms)
police
Nyala Central police station
released Huqooq team was unable to confirm the date of the release
13
Shoaib Mohamad Zubair
 
From around Nyala University Campus (near Mossaih Dorms)
police
Nyala Central police station
Faculty of Law Nyala University released Huqooq team was unable to confirm the date of the release
14
Hashim Adam Bahar Bushara
26th April 2016
 
NISS
Nyala Central police station
24 years old 3rd year Faculty of Economic Nyala University member of Independent Student Congress on the background of protest demonstrations for university students against the rising price of transportation tariffs  and the assassination of Abu Bakr Hassan student at the University of Kordofan, released on bail 29 April, he faces charges under 69 and 67 articles of Criminal law 1991
15
Ali Ismail
26th April
NISS
 
Nyala Central police station
4 year Faculty of Economic,  released Huqooq team was unable to confirm the date of the release
16
Atta Almanan  Alhadi Osman
28th April
NISS
 
Nyala Central police station
Released on bail, Huqooq team was unable to confirm the date of the release
 

 

 

Arrested Students University of Kordofan- North Kordofan State:

The lawyer Osman Salih in Al Obayid city North Kordofan State told Huqooq that all the students arrested on 26th April during distributing statement  about the Kordofan University clashes at Al Obayid city were released today without charges except Hasbo Bahaa Aldeen who is facing charges under 139 article (Causing Intentional Wounds) of the Criminal Law he was released on bail and awaiting for the criminal laboratory to diced on whether he was responsible of causing wounds to a police officer during the demonstrations on 19th April 2016.

 

 
Name
Date of Arrest
Place of Arrest
Authorities
Place of Detention
More Information
1
Sohaib Mohamed Issa
28th April 2016
Al Obayid Market
Police forces
Central police station Custody
station19years old, 2nd year Faculty of Civil Engineering , arrested during public speech by students of Kordofan University- at Al Obaiyd market, released without charges.
2
Omer  Alsideeg shayib
28th April 2016
Al Obayid Market
Police forces
Central police station Custody
3rd year faculty of computer science, released on bail on 1st May 2016
3
Khatab Alshaikh
28th April 2016
Al Obayid Market
Police forces
Central police station Custody
Faculty of accounting, released on bail on 1st May 2016,
4
Abo Issa  Mohamed Issa
28th April 2016
Al Obayid Market
Police
Central police station Custody
Released on 1st May 2016
5
Hasabo Bahaa Aldeen
19th April 2016
From in front of Kordofan University
NISS and police
Central police station custody

– Al Obayid
He has been accused of stabbing a police officer during the demonstrations, was charged under article 139 Causing Intentional Wounds of Criminal Law 1991, he was released on 1st May 2016,please see Huqooq weekly report 19-25 April.
 

 

Death Penalty:

·         On 26 April, there were circulating reports of transferring Al Tom Hamid Tutu a leader of  Justice and Equality Movement to Port Sudan prison for execution of the death penalty against him, Tutu was arrested by Sudan armed forces during a joint operation led by the SPLA north , in Altais area in South Kordofan State in 2010, in 2011 Kadogli Criminal court sentenced him with death penalty after being convicted  under articles 50 “, 51.60, and 62” of the Criminal Law of 1991 relating to undermine the constitutional system, waging war against the state and wearing military uniforms, in March 2012 the Supreme Court in Khartoum upheld the verdict, a stay of the execution was reported[3].

 

Public Order Law:

·         On 25th April 2016, the public order court in Jabal Awlyaa district South Khartoum sentenced 30 persons under Drinking alcohol and nuisance 78 article and Dealing in alcohol under article 79 of the criminal law of 1991. 17 male sentenced with 40 lashes and 13 women sentenced with fine 300 and 2000 SDG and with three month to one year imprisonment in case of failure to pay the fine, according to the lawyer who representing the convicted persons told Huqooq that all women were jailed and now they are working on to find fund to pay the fine and release them while preparing an appeal petition to the appeal court. (Interview with lawyer on 29th April 2016) please see Huqooq weekly report 19th -25th April 2016 at:

Social, Economic and Cultural Rights

Right to Housing:

·         On  25th April the authorities has demolished about 100 houses in Wad Albashir – Ambada area Block 51- without prior notification, the people whom houses they were inhabiting in the area since 1991, and have number of documents from the authorities proving their rights and they were awaiting the authorities to fulfill its promises of planning, The residents are people who fled their original lands in Nuba Mountains/ South Kordofan State the conflict area , who only desire is to a secure housing settlement for them and their families right to house. In an interview with one of the community leaders he told Huqooq that the authorities arrived at around 10:00 AM on 25th April with an order letter from the Ministry of Physical Urban Planning and Bulldozers accompanied by police forces, they weren’t allowed to arrange for any other alternatives neither the government provide them with any adequate houses or place to stay, the families are now sheltering in plastic sacks Marquees (Source: Interview with community leader on 29th April 2016)

·         On 30 April, the authorities of Sharg Alneil locality (Eastern Nile) district, government land protection unit, has demolished about 300 houses in Tayba Alahamdah area Block 13, without prior notice, the demolition led to the displacement of more than 1,500 persons the majority of affected inhabitant are from Nuba Mountains/ South Kordofan state, who fled their homes and lands and they were reside in this area for almost 37 years undisputed, the authorities failed to provide them with dignified houses or arranged other adequate alternative before demolishing their houses, the removal order gave the residents only 24 hours to move out from the area, among them are elder and ailing  persons, who are now sheltering the open space without any means of protection from the sun heat. Interview with HR journalist who is reporting this incident on 30 April 2016)      

A Sudanese man trying to gather their belongings after the demolition of the houses (picture provided by the journalist)

 

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المجموعة السودانية للحقوق (حقوق) – التقرير الأسبوعي

الفترة: 26 ابريل– 3 مايو 2016

التطورات الجديدة:

 

 

في 3 مايو 2016، علقت ادارة جامعة الخرطوم الدراسة في كليات المجمع الرئيسي و ذلك بعد تصاعد الإحتجاجات بعد مقتل طالبين في جامعتي كردفان و امدرمان الاهلية الشهر الماض، هذا و الجدير بالذكر ان جامعة الخرطوم تشهد احتجاجات منذ 11 ابريل و ذلك بعد نشر تقارير تتحدث عن بيع و نقل مباني الجامعة لمنطقة سوبا جنوب الخرطوم. (المصدر: طالب في جامعة الخرطوم)

فى١ مايو 2016،عقد القطاع السياسي لحزب المؤتمر الوطني الحاكم  اجتماعا استثنائيا برئاسة مساعد رئيس الجمهورية ونائب رئيس الحزب إبراهيم محمود. أدان فيه ما اسماه بمحاولات  الحركات المسلحة بتصدير العنف إلى حرم الجامعات، واستخدام أحزاب المعارضة لتكتيكات سياسية من خلال تصدير الحرب إلى الجامعات[4].يذكر ان هذه هى المرة الاولى التى يصدر فيها تصريح حول احداث العنف التى شهدتها جامعة امدرمان الاهلية وكردفان بولاية شمال كردفان التى اندلعت الشهر الماضى كما لم يصدر اى تصريح من اى جهة رسمية حتى الان.

يوم 28 أبريل، حذر نائب رئيس لجنة الامن والدفاع بالبرلمان السوداني، التوم الفاضل، من تزايد العنف وسط الطلاب، ودعا خلال تصريحات صحفية، إلى حظر النشاط السياسي داخل الجامعات تجنباً لحدوث مواجهات دامية بين الطلاب.

يشار إلى أن وزارة التعليم العالي هي الجهة المسئولة عن التحقيق في مثل هذه القضايا عبر الأجهزة الأمنية الخاصة بالجامعات.

(المصدر: صحيفة الجريدة، العدد 1744 بتاريخ 29 أبريل)

يوم 26 أبريل، علقت إدارة كلية العلوم الرياضية بجامعة الخرطوم، الدراسة إلى أجل غير مسمى، ودون إبداء اسباب، في ظل إستمرار إحتجاجات الطلاب ضد بيع وترحيل مباني الجامعة، وإستمرار إحتجاز عدد من الطلاب الخريجين، مما أدي لتجدد الإحتجاجات التي إندلعت منذ إسبوعين وإستمرار الإعتقالات وسط الطلاب ووقوع إشتباكات بين الشرطة والطلاب.

مراجعة قانون مكافحة الفساد :

يوم 30 أبريل عام 2016، حذررئيس لجنة التشريع والعدل المكلف بالبرلمان محمد الحسن الأمين، من مغبةعدم تعديل المادة التي تعطي مفوضية مكافحة الفساد الحق في رفع جميع الحصانات المنصوص عليها فى بعض القوانين، اذ  قد يؤدى هذا الحق إلى اتهام كل المسؤولين في الدولة، بما في ذلك رئيس الجمهورية، وقال في تصريح صحفي  مدافعا عن الملاحظات التى رفعها الرئيس عمر البشير الى البرلمان بعد رفضه التوقيع على القانون، الذى يتيح للمفوضية الحق في رفع الحصانة دون اتخاذ الإجراءات اللازمة مما سيؤدي الى المزيد من المكايدات ويدفع المعارضة لاتهام مسؤولون حكوميون باتهامات قد تكون خاطئة أو صحيحة (المصدر: صحيفة الجريدة، العدد، 1746، 1 مايو 2016).

رصد الانتهاكات:

الحق في الحياة والاستخدام المفرط للقوة:

يوم 27 أبريل، قُتل الطالب في السنة الثانية بكلية الآداب جامعة أمدرمان الأهلية، محمد الصادق (20 عاماً)، إثر إندلاع أعمال عنف داخل الجامعة بين طلاب ينتمون لحزب المؤتمر الوطني – الحاكم – وطلاب الجبهة الوطنية الأفريقية (UPF) أعقبت ندوة سياسية نظمتها رابطة طلاب جبال النوبة.

بدأت الإشتباكات بهجوم من طلاب حزب المؤتمر الوطني وبعض المليشيات، بعد (20) دقيقة من بداية الندوة، حيث إستخدموا الأسلحة البيضاء والرصاص الحي في مواجهة طلاب الجبهة الوطنية الأفريقية ، مما اسفر عن مقتل الطالب، محمد الصادق، وإصابة (4) آخرين بينهم محمد المجتبى.

(المصدر: مقابلة مع عضو في رابطة طلاب جبال النوبة بتاريخ 28 أبريل 2016)

حرية التعبير والتجمع وتكوين الجمعيات:

·         في 3 مايو، و في حوالي الساعه 12:00 ظهراً قامت قوات من جهاز الأمن و المخابرات الوطني و شرطة مكافحة الشغب بمحاصرة جامعة الخرطوم مجمع الوسط و ذلك بعد دعوات من الطلاب لوقفة سلمية إحتجاجاً على مقتل طالبين في جامعتي كردفان و أمدرمان الأهلية الشهر الماضي و كذلك المطالبة بإطلاق سراح أربعة من خريجي جامعة الخرطوم و إعادة الدراسة في مدرسة العلوم الرياضية و كذلك إستعادة إتحاد الطلاب. واجهت القوات الأمنية إحتجاجات الطلاب يوم الثلاثاء بالقوة المفرط حيث أطلقت عبوات الغاز المسيل للدموع و القنابل الصوتية و استخدمت مياه ملونه في رش الطلاب (زرقاء ، برتقالية ، حمراء) و كذلك ضرب الطلاب بالهراوات و نتيجة لهذا اصيب عدد من الطلاب منهم الطالب حميدة السنة الثانية قانون، و أعتقل عدد من الطلاب. (المصدر: طالب في جامعة الخرطوم و عضو اللجنة التنسيقية للطلاب)

·         في 3 مايو استلمت صحيفة الميدان التابعة للحزب الشيوعي السوداني رسالة من مجلس الصحافة و المطبوعات تأمرها بعدم نشر مقالات ثلاث كتاب و هم المحامي المعروف كمال الجزولي و كمال كرار و إبراهيم مرغني. (المصدر: صحفي و ناشط في مجال حقوق الانسان)  

·         يوم 2 مايو امر افراد من جهاز الأمن بوقف والغاء احتفال مجموعة المبادرات النسائية لتكريم السيدة عوضية كوكو رئيسة جمعية بائعات الشاي والأطعمة بالنادي العائلي بمدينة الخرطوم الذى كان مقررا له يوم الاثنين٢ مايو وقد كان ان اعلن عن قيام الاحتفال منذ عدة أيام الجدير بالذكر تعد هذه المرة الثانية التى تقوم فيها السلطات الامنية بالغاء احتفال لتكريم السيدة عوضية كوكو والتى نالت جائزة اشجع امراة فى مارس الماضى (المصدر:ناشط حقوقى)

·         يوم 30 أبريل، منع جهاز الأمن والمخابرات السوداني، شبكة الصحافيين السودانيين ومركز طيبة للإعلام بالخرطوم، من تنظيم ندوة صحفية عن “دمج الصحف” وكان من المقرر أن تناقش الندوة عزم الحكومة السودانية دمج الصحف اليومية، وتقليص عددها لإقل من (6) مطبوعات.

يشار إلى أن الحكومة السودانية كانت قد طلبت في العام 2011 من خبراء في جهاز الأمن الوطني ومجلس الصحافة والمطبوعات وإتحاد الصحافيين دراسة إمكانية دمج الصحف اليومية وذلك بالتعاون مع وحدة الإعلام في حزب المؤتمر الوطني الحاكم.

(المصدر: صحافي ناشط في مجال حقوق الإنسان).

•          في 30 أبريل عدد من الصحف اليومية في الخرطوم قامت بفصل  عدد من الصحفيين، في محاولة لإسكات الصحفيين الذين هم أعضاء في شبكة الصحفيين السودانيين من بينهم:

1- خالد أحمد، صحيفة (السوداني) وعضوشبكة الصحفيين

2- هبة عبد العظيم، صحيفة (السوداني) وعضوشبكة الصحفيين

3- محمد أمين ياسين، صحيفة الجريدة

4- زحل الطيب، صحيفةالأهرام اليوم وعضو شبكة الصحفيين.

(المصدر:بيان شبكة الصحفيين)

·         يوم 28 أبريل، أبلغ جهاز الأمن السوداني السوداني، جميع الصحف السودانية بعدم نشر أي أخبار أو تقارير عن الإحتجاجات الطلابية التي تشهدها عدد من الجامعات السودانية، بالإضافة لعدم نشر أي مواد صحفية عن مقتل الطالبين، أبوبكر حسن، بجامعة كردفان بوم 19 أبريل 2016، ومحمد الصادق، بجامعة امدرمان الأهلية يوم 27 أبريل 2016.

(المصدر: شبكة صحفيون لأجل حقوق الإنسان السودانية JHR).

·         فى  28 أبريل 2016، حوالي الساعة الخامسة تم طعن الصحفي بصحيفة الوفاق محمد الاقرع من قبل مجهول  أثناء مرور لمظاهرة بالقرب من مكاتب صحيفة الوفاق في الخرطوم, وقال لحقوق انه كان يراقب  المظاهرات بصفته صحفي عندما اقتربت منه مجموعة من الرجال يرتدون ملابس مدنية وسالوه عن الجهة التى يتبع لها حيث افادهم بانه صحفي، فجأة  رأى  انه ينزف ومن ثم تم نقله إلى المستشفى لتلقي العلاج. (مقابلة مع محمد الاقرع في 1 مايو 2016)

·         يوم 27 أبريل، فرّقت قوات من الشرطة وجهاز الأمن السوداني، تظاهرة نظمها مئات المواطنين، عقب تشييع جثمان الطالب الجامعي القتيل، محمد الصادق، وأستخدمت الهروات ولاغاز المسيل للدموع في مواجهة المتظاهرين، ولاحقت عدد منهم داخل الأحياء السكنية في مدينة أمدرمان لمنع إنتشارالتظاهرات إلى مناطق أخرى.

·         خلال يومي 26 و27 أبريل، إقتحمت قوة من الأمن والشرطة داخلية الطلاب بجامعة نيالا عاصمة ولاية جنوب دارفور، وقمعت إحتجاجات نظمها الطلاب ضد إعتقال عدد من زملائهم، وسوء البيئة الجامعية وزيادة تعرفة المواصلات بالإضافة للعنف داخل الجامعات.

واستخدمت قوات الشرطة والأمن الرصاص الحي والهراوات والغاز المسيل للدموع لتفريق الطلاب، مما أدي لإصابة عدد منهم بجروح منهم الطالبة، تهاني صالح، والطالبة دعاء المهدي.

وقال محامي من نيالا، يمثل الطلاب لـ(حقوق) ‘‘أن عدد الطلاب المحتجزين يومي 26 و27 أبريل، يبلغ 31 طالباً وطالبة، أفرج عن بعضهم بالضمان، ولايزال  آخرون منهم يواجهون تهماً تحت المادة (69) من القانون الجنائي، والمتعلقة بالإخلال بالسلام العام، والمادة (67) المتعلقة بالشغب، كما أتهم (6) طلاب بالتسبب في الأذي الجسيم’’ وأضاف المحامي عدا ذلك فأن جميع الطلاب الذين إعتقلوا يومي 26 و27 و 28أبريل، تم إطلاق سراحهم بعد توقيعهم على تعهد بعدم المشاركة في أي أنشطة سياسية أو إحتجاجات.

(المصدر: محامون ونشطاء حقوق الإنسان)

·         يوم 26 أبريل، فرّقت قوات من الشرطة وجهاز الأمن السوداني، مظاهرة سلمية نظمها طلاب جامعة الخرطوم، إستمرت من (13) أبريل، ضد خطط الحكومة لبيع وترحيل مباني الجامعة، وتضامناً مع طلاب جامعة كردفان، واستخدمت شرطة مكافحة الشغب، الرصاص المطاطي والغاز المسيل للدموع والميه الملونة، مما أدى لإصابة عدد من الطلاب، بينهم فتحي محمد عبده (23 عاماً) من كلية الإقتصاد والعلوم الإجتماعية.

(المصدر: ناشط في مجال حقوق الإنسان)

·         يوم 25 أبريل، الغت السلطات الأمنية في العاصمة الخرطوم إحتفال نسوى لرابطة خريجي الجامعات الأمريكية بالتعاون اللجنة الإجتماعية للمرأة ومحلية الخرطوم، وأمرت الجهات المنظمة بإغلاق المعرض المصاحب وإيقاف أي أنشطة خاصة الإحتفال الذي أقيم لتكريم “بائعة الشاي” السيدة عوضية كوكو، بمناسبة فوزها بجائزة الشجاعة التي نظمتها الخارجية الأمريكية في شهر مارس الماضي.

(المصدر: صحيفة التغيير الإلكترونية)                      .

الإعتقال التعسفي:

•  في 3 مايو 2016 اعتقل جهاز الأمن و المخابرات الوطني عدد من طلاب جامعة الخرطوم و ذلك بعد انتهاء فعالية داخل المجمع الرئيسي للجامعة، و هم غدير عبد الوهاب 22 عام السنة الخامسة كلية العلوم ، انس ابو القاسم 22 عام السنه الخامسة كلية علوم قسم جيولوجيا، مدثر تيسير مدثر 25 عام السنة الخامسة كلية العلوم قسم كيمياء كما أعتقل معهم أمجد فريد ادريس الناشط السياسي المعروف. (المصدر: طالب في جامعة الخرطوم ، و ناشط في مجال حقوق الانسان)

• وفقاً لشهادة عدد من الناشطين في مجال حقوق الإنسان فإن هنالك ثلاث طلاب معتقلين في قسم شرطة أمدرمان جنوب، و لقد تم إعتقالهم على خلفية تظاهرات جامعة أمدرمان الأهلية، هذا و لم يتمكن فريق حقوق من التحصل على معلومات المعتقلين الثلاثة. 

• علمت حقوق ان سته من المعتقلين من جامعة امدرمان الاهلية تم إطلاق سراحهم بالضمانة يوم 3 مايو 2016 .

 (الرجاء مراجعة الجداول في النسخة الانجليزية حيث يحتوي على ملعومات المعتقلين)

•  في  2مايو 2016، حوالي الساعة السادسة مساء, قامت مجموعة مسلحة يزعم   انها تنتمى لجهازالأمن والمخابرات الوطنى، باعتقال الطالب عاصم عمر 25 عاما، السنة الأولى كلية العلوم الإدارية جامعة الخرطوم، من امام البوابة الغربية للحرم الجامعي حيث كانوا على متن عربتين تتبعان لجهاز الأمن والمخابرات برفقة عربتين تتبعان للشرطة حيث تم اقتياده لجهة غير معلومة.يذكر ان الطالب  عاصم تم فصله فصلا سياسيا من جامعة بحري قبل التحاقه بجامعة الخرطوم العام الماضي، كما تم اعتقاله العام الماضي في شهر يونيو  2015، مع مستور أحمد محمد الامين العام لحزب المؤتمر السوداني اثناء مشاركتهما فى مخاطبة بسوق صابرين بام درمان وحكم عليهما بعقوبة الجلد.

 (المصدر: ناشط في مجال حقوق الإنسان)

·         أدى مقتل طالبين خلال الإسبوعيين الماضيين، إلى سلسلة من الإحتجاجات شملت عدداً من الجامعات السودانية، مثل جامعة الخرطوم وجامعة النيلين وجامعة القرآن الكريم وجامعة أمدرمان الأسلامية في العاصمة الخرطوم، بالإضافة إلى جامعة نيالا بولاية جنوب دارفور غرب السودان وجامعة البحر الأحمر بشرق السودان، بالإضافة إلى إحتجاجات في مدينة الأبيض بولاية شمال كردفان. وأعتقلت الشرطة وجهاز الأمن السوداني، إثر هذه الإحتجاجات عشرات الطلاب من مختلف المدن.

وتمكن فريق (حقوق) من التحقق من أسماء عدد منهم.

(المصدر: ناشطين في مجال حقوق الإنسان)

عقوبة الاعدام:

• في 26 ابريل، وردت تقارير تفيد بنقل آلتوم حامد توتو زعيم حركة العدل والمساواة إلى سجن بورتسودان لتنفيذ عقوبة الإعدام بحقه، وكان ان اعتقل توتو من قبل القوات المسلحة السودانية خلال عملية مشتركة بين الجيش الشعبي – شمال، في منطقة التيس في ولاية جنوب كردفان في عام 2010، وفي عام 2011 حكمت المحكمة الجنائية بكادقلي  عليه بعقوبة الإعدام بعد إدانته بموجب المواد 50 “، 51،60، و 62” من القانون الجنائي لسنة 1991 المتعلقة بتقويض النظام الدستوري، شن حرب ضدالدولة وارتداءالزي العسكري، وفى مارس 2012، أيدت المحكمة العليا في الخرطوم الحكم، وقد أفادت تقارير بوقف تنفيذ عقوبة الاعدا م [5].

قانون النظام العام:

·         يوم 25 أبريل، أصدرت محكمة النظام العام في منطقة (جبل اولياء) جنوبي العاصمة الخرطوم، حكماً بجلد وغرامة (30) شخصاً، ادانتهم المحكمة تحت المادتين (78) و(79) من القانون الجنائي السوداني لعام 1991، المتعلقتان بالإزعاج العام والإتجار في الخمور.

وأمرت المحكمة بجلد (17) رجلاً (40) جلدة، والغرامة مابين (300 إلى 2000) جنيه سوداني لـ(13) إمراة، والسجن لمدة ثلاثة اشهروعام في حالة عدم دفع الغرامة.

وقال محامي يمثل المتهمين لـ(حقوق) أنهم يسعون لجمع المال من أجل دفع الغرامة وإطلاق سراح المتهمين.

يمكن الإطلاع على التقرير الإسبوعي لـ(حقوق) على العنوان التالي:

https://www.altaghyeer.info/category/news/page/2/

الحقوق الاجتماعية والاقتصادية والثقافية:

الحق في السكن:

·         يوم 25 أبريل، هدّمت السلطات الحكومية، حوالي (100) منزل في منطقة (ودالبشير) غربي العاصمة الخرطوم، دون إخطار مسبق لسكانها، الذين يقطنون بها منذ العام 1991، ويمتلكون وثائق رسمية تثبت ملكيتهم لها، إنتظاراً لإيفاء السلطات الحكومية بوعدها لهم بتخطيطها.

ومعظم سكان تلك  المنازل هم الأشخاص الذين فروا من النزاع الدائر بموطنهم الأصلي في منطقة جبال النوبة بولاية جنوب كردفان بحثاً عن الأمن والإستقرار لهم ولأسرهم.

وقال أحد قادة الإدارت الأهلية بالمنطقة لـ(حقوق) ‘‘أن موظفون حكوميون حضروا إلى المنطقة صباح 25 أبريل، برفقة عدد من الجرافات وقوات الشرطة، وهم يحملون أمراً من وزارة التخطيط العمراني بولاية الخرطوم للشروع في هدم المنازل’’.

وأضاف، بانهم لم يتحدثوا معهم عن توفير أي بدائل للسكن أو الإقامة المؤقته، وأن معظم الأسر الآن يحتمون داخل مبان مؤقتة شيدوها من الأكياس البلاستيكية.

(المصدر: مقابلة مع أحد قادة الإدارات الأهلية)

• في 30 أبريل قامت سلطات محلية (شرق النيل)، وحدة حماية الأراضي الحكومية، بهدم نحو 300 منزل في منطقة طيبة الاحامدة مربع13، دون إشعار مسبق، أدى هدم وازالة المنارل إلى تشريد أكثر من 1500 شخص الجدير بالذكر ان غالبية السكان المتضررين  من جبال النوبة / ولاية جنوب كردفان، الذين فروا من بيوتهم وأراضيهم وكانوا يقيمون في هذالمنطقة ما يقارب 37 عاما بدون نزاع كما يملكون مستندات تفيد حيازتهم لهذه الاراضى، لقد فشلت السلطات فى توفير  بيوت كريمة لهم أو ترتيبات بديلة مناسبة  قبل تنفيذهدم زالة منازلهم ، أعطى أمر الازالةا نزار لمدة24 ساعة فقط للخروج من المنطقة، من بين السكان هيشيوخ ومرضى ، يحتمون الآن في فضاء مفتوح بدون أي وسيلة للحماية من حرارة أشعة الشمس. (مقابلة مع صحفية  يوم 30 أبريل 2016)

[1] See Sudan tribune at: http://www.sudantribune.com/spip.php?article58836
[2] https://www.altaghyeer.info/category/news/page/2/
[3] http://www.sudantribune.net/,14066.

 
[4] http://www.sudantribune.com/spip.php?article58836
[5] http://www.sudantribune.net/,14066

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