Human Rights Monitoring Sudan-Report No:10 1st – 31st August 2016

  • New Developments:

• On the 23rd of August 2016, the Chair of University of Khartoum’s Council, Alamin Dafaa Allah revealed during a workshop on (students violence and the role of the university police in the academic stability) organized by the pro government the General Sudanese Student Union in collaboration with the parliamentarian Defense Committee at the parliament, that the University of Khartoum has completed new security arrangements prior to the resumption of the study, by appointing new well trained police guards formed of tough and strong officers who are heavily armed and are allowed to open fire in order to maintain security at the university . Furthermore, the Higher Education Minister, Somaya Abu Kashaoa, defended the decision of the establishment of university police stating that its aim is to protect the universities and its campuses, and not use excessive force.( Source: various Sudanese newspapers 31/8/2016)
• On the 28th of August 2016, the minister of Justice and the Minister of Guidance and Endowments Ammar al-Mirghani, decided to activate the law of the Command of Virtue and Interdiction of Vice of 1983 during a meeting between the two ministers that took place in Khartoum. They agreed on to review the law with the concerned authorities to accommodate the latest developments in the society . It is worth noting that the law contained vague and broad provisions that are contradicting fundamental people rights and freedoms as stipulated in article (4) the interdiction may include any act that violates what God revealed, cause harm to individual or a group of people or lead to further harm, the law gives every person in the society who sees an act that considered a sin or forbidden act to prevent the occurrence of such act as stipulated in article (6), in addition to that, the persons who perform such duty shall enjoy the same immunity provided for the court during its performance as provided for in article (8) of the law.

  • Human Rights Violations Monitoring
    Freedom of Expression/Assembly and Association:

• On the 29th of August 2016, National Intelligence and Security Service (NISS) in Khartoum (2) summoned journalist Shawgi Abd Alazim of Al Youm Altali daily newspaper, he was interrogated for eight hours by the NISS and ordered him to reveal the sources who provided him with the information and hand the supporting documents for the press report published by the newspaper, on 30 August he reported to the NISS and handed the supporting documents as he was ordered. It is worth noting that last April the prosecution attorney for press and publications summoned Journalist Shawgi Abd Alazeem and the chief editor Mozamil Abo Algasim of Alyom Altali daily newspaper on the ground of publishing a series of press report titled (earthquake) exposing with documents the misuse of the health ministry resources by the state health minister Mamoon Hummaida for his own private hospitals (See Huqooq report 1-9 April 2016)
• On the 28th of August 2016, National Intelligence and Security Service (NISS) in Khartoum summoned journalist Yousif Aljalal of Al Siha daily newspaper, on the ground of a published column in Alsiha newspaper about the evacuation of the South Sudan opposition leader Riek Machar from DRC by Sudan government, Aljalal was interrogated for four hours by the NISS who asked him to provide a physical evidence that Sudan evacuated Machar and to reveal the sources of his information. (Source: HR journalist)
• On the 23rd of August 2016, security forces consisted of (police, members of the locality and national security) in Khartoum, assaulted the journalist Abd Elgadir Aloshari, after he took photos documenting the security forces sweep (kasha) against women tea sellers near Alwaha Mall in Khartoum, the security confiscated his mobile and took him to Aledikhar bank building, then the police transferred him to Alshargi police station in Arkaweet neighborhood, he was interrogated by a police officer who deleted the photos from the mobile, he was then released at around 1:00 am without charge. (Source: HR journalist)
• On the 22nd of August 2016, National Intelligence and Security Service (NISS) in Khartoum assaulted the journalist of Alsihaa newspaper Myah Alneel Almubarak, during her press coverage mission of a traffic accident where the injured people were transferred to the Turkish hospital in Alkalakla neighborhood in Khartoum, the security forces confiscated her press card, and interrogated her for three hours at a security office inside the hospital building. The security forced the journalist Myah Alneel to sign a pledge not to enter the hospital again for any professional purpose.(Source: JHR Sudan)
• On the 21st of August 2016, press and publication prosecutor interrogated journalist Sara Taj Alsir of Aljareeda newspaper in relation to a press report about Pilgrimage department corruption. ( Source: JHR Sudan)
• On the 16th of August 2016, National Intelligence and Security Service (NISS) in Nyala –Darfur interrogated journalist Mahjoub Hasson of Alsudani newspaper (correspondent) in Nyala on the ground of a press report published by Alsudani newspaper about r rotten flour distributed in Nyala city (Source: JHR Sudan)
• On the 15th of August 2016 National Intelligence and Security Services (NISS)in Khartoum has confiscated print runs of Al-Saiha, Al-Mijher Al-Siyasi and Al-Ahram Al-Youm newspapers from the printing house without giving reasons, according to journalists who are working with these newspapers told Huqooq team, the reason of the confiscation on the ground these newspapers published statements and press interviews with armed group members about Addis Ababa peace negotiations.(Source: HR journalist)
• On the 14th of August 2016, National Intelligence and Security Service NISS, ordered all the daily newspapers not to publish any press statements or interviews with armed group leaders in relation to the peace negotiation in Addis Ababa, one of the newspaper chief editor told Huqooq that the NISS sent an electronic message to all newspaper chief editors notifying them with the NISS decision of banning any publication of any armed groups interviews and statements. (Source: HR journalist)
• On the 10th of August 2016, National Intelligence and Security Service (NISS) confiscated daily newspaper Alyoum Altali from the printing house without disclosing the reasons for the confiscation. A journalist at Alyoum Altali told Huqooq that the Security Service did not inform them of the reasons for the confiscation. (Source; HR journalist)
• On the 10th of August 2016, Sudanese police forces have beaten and assaulted journalist Hawa Rahama of Aljareeda newspaper, during her press coverage of the removal of Altakamol neighborhood in Alshajara area, south Khartoum. The police officers arrested Hawa and took her to a police point near the removal site, and then beat her and threatened her with death using extreme abusive language. Hawa told Huqooq team that she was commissioned by the newspaper to cover the removal process, she told Huqooq that she found the place surrounded by large number of police, riot police and security police forces, she was hit by a police officer while she was talking to the affected people, she was ordered to leave the site after interrogated by two high ranking officers for two hours, during which she was insulted, beaten and threatened. (Interview with Hawa by Huqooq team)
• On the 3rd of August 2016, The National Intelligence and Security Service NISS in Khartoum confiscated Al Siha newspaper without giving any reason. (Source: HR journalist)

  • Freedom of Assembly:

• On the 17th and 18th of August 2016 respectively protests erupted in Alhamadab and Altakamol neighborhoods near Alshajara area in south Khartoum, following the demolition of 67 houses by the authorities, the affected people protested against the demolition and demanded their ownership of the lands that they were inhibited since 1970s, the police forces used tear gas and batons in an attempt to disperse the protesters. (Source: HR activist)
• On the 13th of August 2016, an armed group of National Intelligence and Security Service NISS forces, raided a house of the Democratic Unionist Party leader in Omdoom area in Khartoum, and canceled the party youth conference that was planned by party youth organization opponents, on the ground of failure of obtaining prior permission. (Source: Statement by DUP)

 

  • Arbitrary arrest:

• On the 28th of August at around 7:45 pm NISS arrested three students of El Genina University from in front of Sultan Bahr Aldeen dormitory and arrested students: Adil Mohi Aldeen Ismail, student at El Genina University faculty of economic and social studies year four, student Salah Alnoor Jubarh and student Adil, following a political forum organized by United Popular Front UPF. (Source: Huqooq team Darfur)
• On the 26th of August 2016, National Intelligence and Security Service NISS and police forces invaded the Faculty of Education complex in Al Hasahisa city in Al Jazeera state, and arrested more than 40 students following a sit-in organized by the students demanding improvement of university environment conditions, subsequently, the faculty administration suspended the study for indefinite, among those arrested during the raid: Mohamed Altrifi/ Mohamed Alhameem/ Awad Sediq/ Mohamed Alamin/ Yasir Abd Algadir/ Gorashi Ibrahim/ Mohanad Mohamed Albashir and Mohamed Babikir Mohamed Ali. All arrested students were released in different dates without charge. (Source: HR activist)
• On the 13th of August 2016, Security Service arrested Abbas Alalim, a member of the Sudanese Congress party in Khartoum, following a public speech organized by the political party members in Central Khartoum about the harsh living conditions, wars and repression of freedoms, (Source: Sudanese Congress member)
• On the 4th of August 2016 the NISS arrested Mohamed Eltigani Mohamed, 23 years old in Neirtiti locality in central Darfur Mohamed is the son of the Neirtiti leader who was arrested last month following the meeting with the US special envoy to Sudan. (Source: Huqooq team Darfur)
• On the 20th of August 2016, a group of criminal investigation forces, shot Bushara Adam Alnimah Ahmed 26 years old from Alhasahisa Zalingi and SAF officer at his leg on the ground of riding a motorcycle which prohibited by zalingi authorities. (Source: Huqooq team Darfur)

  • Torture and Ill-Treatment:

• In an interview by Huqooq team with Sabah Alzain Omer Yagoub male, a graduate from Ahlia University, originally from Darfur, who was arrested by National Intelligence and Security Service NISS on 12 May 2016, from his house in Ombada with other six students who were released on the same day, he reported that he was arrested by 30 armed NISS members at around 9:00 am, they took him in a small car three NISS members sat on his body while he was laying on the backseat, he was blindfolded, and took him to a police station in Omdorman, he was beaten by eight NISS officers with sticks, kicked, bunched on his face smashing his front teeth, he was beaten until at around 4:00pm, then they took him to NISS office head quarter offices in Khartoum Bahri near Shandi bus station, the NISS handcuffed and chained his hands on a shackles mounted on a wall, the NISS opened his mobile and read all his WhatsApp messages and continued beating him all over his body throughout the interrogation, resulting in bruises on his body, he was verbally and racially intimidated, the NISS accused him of being a member of the Darfuri armed groups, he was interrogated in relation to his participation and speech during the memorial service of Mohamed El Sadig Wiuo, Ahlia University students who was killed in April 2016, Sabah Alzain had been detained for 35 days incommunicado in NISS custodies, in an extremely cold room, the room lights were left on day and night , until 2 of July 2016, when the NISS transferred him with another detainee Bakhit Abd Alkareem to the state security prosecutor after making them sign a pledge stating they would not participate in any political activities, Sabah Alzain was denied access to his family or his lawyer at NISS detention custodies and State Security Prosecutor custody, he was detained in a very poor condition at the state security prosecution custody in Alamarat area in Khartoum, interrogated twice first by the state security prosecutor and then after 15 days by a NISS Colonel, he was charged with committing crimes against the state, under article 50 (Undermining the Constitutional System) and article 53 (espionage against the country) of the criminal law of 1991. (Interview with Sabah Alzain on 25/8/2016)

  • Right to Housing:

• On the 10th of August 2016, the authorities in Khartoum demolished about 67 houses in Altakamol neighborhood in Alshajara area south Khartoum without prior notice or warning, According to one of the affected persons she told Huqooq team, the neighborhood was surrounded by different armed police forces, the bulldozers swept away all the houses, without allowing us even to carry our belongings, they destroyed everything including our furniture and possessions, the police used excessive force fired live ammunitions and heavy tear gas at the protesters, as a result around three people were injured, she added that the government didn’t provide us with any alternatives. (Source: Interview with one of the affected persons 25/08/2016)

  • Khartoum Process and Right to Seek Asylum:

• On the 25th of August 2016, Italy Government in coordination with Sudan Government has repatriated around 40 Sudanese to Sudan, Huqooq team interviewed one of the expatriates who gave his account about the ill-treatment they subjected to in Italy and Sudan, Barakat not his real name, told Huqooq that the Italian police arrested him from the street with other four Sudanese in Ventimigilia a boarder city between Italy and France, the police took them to the police station, next morning they took them to a court, where he offered a lawyer and an interpreter, who explained to them that he want to seek asylum and don’t want to go back to Sudan, also he declared that he is from Darfur region, according to Barakat he has signed two documents, after that he was taken by the Italian police to two Sudanese from Sudan embassy who questioned them and write his personal information, he again explained to Sudan embassy representatives that he doesn’t want to go back to Sudan, he then was taken by the Italian police with other four Sudanese to the police station where he was detained and other Sudanese in Ventimiglia police station parking garage shackled , they were then taken next day early morning by bus to Turin airport, and boarded Egypt air flight they were accompanied by Italian police, when the flight landed at Khartoum airport they found the National Intelligence and security Service NISS waiting for them, they took them to especial area in the airport, and interrogated by eight NISS officers, why they left the country who assisted them, and asked to provide names, the security beaten them and took their fingerprints, he managed to escape and went into hiding since. Acoording to Barakat, he told Huqooq that no one in Italy soil provided them with any information about their legal situation or their right to claim asylum, or what was the court decision and their right to appeal it. (Interview with Barakat on 27/8/2016 by Huqooq member)

  • Update on the 22 South Sudanese Sentenced to Death in April 2016:

• On 28th of August 2016, Sudanese authorities have released 25 South Sudan citizens who were sentenced to death and life imprisonment after convicted by special Anti-Terrorism court in Khartoum for committing crimes under articles 21 (Criminal Joint Acts) 50 (undermining the constitutional system), 60 (Wearing of military dress or using military token) and 61 (Unlawful drilling) of the criminal law of 1991, and articles 5 and 6 of anti-terrorism act of 2001 and article 26 of the weapons and ammunition law 1926, the released were members of Justice and Equality Movement Dijo faction that signed a peace agreement with Sudan government in 2013 the release of the accused it was carried out across handed over to the department of foreign control. (Source: HR lawyer )

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